"Class A" Application Step 1 of 28 3% Welcome to the Special Olympics Colorado Class A Registration Process, which includes the Protective Behaviors Quiz (for those 18+) and Concussion Training (for coaches). If you would like to volunteer as a Coach/Assistant Coach, Unified Partner, Medical Team, Games Organizing Committee Member or photographer/videographer, please complete this application. If you would like to volunteer at a single day competition or event this registration process is NOT REQUIRED. The goal of this presentation is prevention of sexual abuse of Special Olympics athletes. It also addresses physical and emotional abuse. Is your registration*New = Have never completed the Class A process before Renewal = Have completed the Class A process before and are already connected with a team.NewRenewalHow old are you?*Please select the age group you belong to. If you are turning 18 in the next 3 months please select 18 or older. NOTE: Coaches must be 14 years or older.18+16-1714-1513 and UnderWhich position are you currently involved with / would like to become involved with?*This includes affiliation through a school district, park district, group home, etc. If you are NOT interested in one of the groups above there is no need to continue this application. CoachAssistant CoachUnified Sports PartnerGames Organizing Committee MemberYoung Athlete CoachLocal Program CoordinatorMedical TeamName* First Last Address* Street Address Address Line 2 City State / Province / Region ZIP / Postal Code AfghanistanAlbaniaAlgeriaAmerican SamoaAndorraAngolaAntigua and BarbudaArgentinaArmeniaAustraliaAustriaAzerbaijanBahamasBahrainBangladeshBarbadosBelarusBelgiumBelizeBeninBermudaBhutanBoliviaBosnia and HerzegovinaBotswanaBrazilBruneiBulgariaBurkina FasoBurundiCambodiaCameroonCanadaCape VerdeCayman IslandsCentral African RepublicChadChileChinaColombiaComorosCongo, Democratic Republic of theCongo, Republic of theCosta RicaCôte d'IvoireCroatiaCubaCuraçaoCyprusCzech RepublicDenmarkDjiboutiDominicaDominican RepublicEast TimorEcuadorEgyptEl SalvadorEquatorial GuineaEritreaEstoniaEthiopiaFaroe IslandsFijiFinlandFranceFrench PolynesiaGabonGambiaGeorgiaGermanyGhanaGreeceGreenlandGrenadaGuamGuatemalaGuineaGuinea-BissauGuyanaHaitiHondurasHong KongHungaryIcelandIndiaIndonesiaIranIraqIrelandIsraelItalyJamaicaJapanJordanKazakhstanKenyaKiribatiNorth KoreaSouth KoreaKosovoKuwaitKyrgyzstanLaosLatviaLebanonLesothoLiberiaLibyaLiechtensteinLithuaniaLuxembourgMacedoniaMadagascarMalawiMalaysiaMaldivesMaliMaltaMarshall IslandsMauritaniaMauritiusMexicoMicronesiaMoldovaMonacoMongoliaMontenegroMoroccoMozambiqueMyanmarNamibiaNauruNepalNetherlandsNew ZealandNicaraguaNigerNigeriaNorthern Mariana IslandsNorwayOmanPakistanPalauPalestine, State ofPanamaPapua New GuineaParaguayPeruPhilippinesPolandPortugalPuerto RicoQatarRomaniaRussiaRwandaSaint Kitts and NevisSaint LuciaSaint Vincent and the GrenadinesSaint MartinSamoaSan MarinoSao Tome and PrincipeSaudi ArabiaSenegalSerbiaSeychellesSierra LeoneSingaporeSint MaartenSlovakiaSloveniaSolomon IslandsSomaliaSouth AfricaSpainSri LankaSudanSudan, SouthSurinameSwazilandSwedenSwitzerlandSyriaTaiwanTajikistanTanzaniaThailandTogoTongaTrinidad and TobagoTunisiaTurkeyTurkmenistanTuvaluUgandaUkraineUnited Arab EmiratesUnited KingdomUnited StatesUruguayUzbekistanVanuatuVatican CityVenezuelaVietnamVirgin Islands, BritishVirgin Islands, U.S.YemenZambiaZimbabwe Country County*Preferred Email* I verify that the below email address is unique to myself and will be used for communication regarding my background check and application status. I will also add TheAdvocates@VerifiedVolunteers.com to my email safe list.Email Type*HomeWorkPhone*Phone Type*MobileHomeWorkGender*MaleFemaleBirthdate*Employer or SchoolPosition or GradeEmergency Contact Name* First Last Parent/Guardian Name* First Last Emergency Contact Phone*Parent/Guardian Phone*Parent/Guardian Relationship*Region*Need help finding your region? Visit: http://www.specialolympicsco.org/athletes-and-families/regionsDenver MetroNortheastSoutheastWesternDo you use illegal drugs?*YesNoYou can NOT become a coach with Special Olympics Colorado if you use illegal drugs. Please make sure you chose the correct selection. If you do use illegal drugs stop here as your application is finished.Have you ever been convicted of any criminal offense?*YesNoHas your drivers license been suspended or revoked in any state, for moving violations within the last seven years?*Answering yes does NOT prevent you from volunteering. If yes, then I agree NOT to serve as a volunteer driver for Special Olympics Colorado. This includes driving for Special Olympics to, from and during all sanctioned events.YesNoHave you ever been charged with and/or convicted of neglect, abuse or assault?*YesNoIf you answered YES to any of the above, please explain:Drivers License or Photo ID Uploadif you do not have/enter a drivers license then a driving restriction will be placed on your record.Reference #1 Name* First Last Reference #1 Relationship*Non-RelativeReference #1 Phone*Reference #2 Name* First Last Reference #2 Relationship*Non-RelativeReference #2 Phone*Please read before agreeing: I affirm under penalty of perjury, that all answers are truthful and understand that Special Olympics Colorado (SOCO) may refuse to allow me to volunteer if I provided incorrect information or withheld information; I give permission for SOCO to obtain information relating to my criminal history records including arrest and conviction data, plea bargains and deferred adjudications; I understand and acknowledge that as long as I remain a volunteer with SOCO, the criminal history checks will be repeated every three years; The relationship between SOCO and volunteers is an "at will" arrangement and it may be terminated at any time, without reason or cause by either party; I grant SOCO and Special Olympics, Inc. permission to use my likeness, voice and words in or on television, radio, film, websites or in any form, format or media to promote Special Olympics, its mission and to raise funds for Special Olympics; I have read, understand and agree with the terms of the SOCO Coaches Code of Conduct and the Athlete/Partner Code of Conduct. organizational Policy and Procedures. I waive, release and discharge SOCO, its officers, directors, employees, volunteers, agents and representatives from any liability for all damages of whatever kind or nature that may result in connection with SOCO conducting criminal history checks on me; I will notify SOCO of all changes to the information provided on this original form. Volunteer Code of Ethics Fulfill assignment responsibility: Carry out all aspects of your assignment; attend all required meetings; and notify the volunteer coordinator if you cannot complete an assignment. Set a good example for the athlete: Refrain from smoking, consuming alcohol or using profanity as a volunteer; be discreet in your personal relationships with athletes and avoid any behavior which may be misunderstood or misinterpreted; and be helpful to and supportive of everyone associated with Special Olympics. Demonstrate good sportsmanship and cooperation: Support the decisions of referees, judges, and committees, and use proper dissent processes; be respectful during ceremonies; praise the athletes for their efforts and encourage them to be happy for the success of other athletes; and support and encourage other volunteers and staff. Be vigilant and aware of the safety of the athlete: Never leave an athlete unchaperoned; report anything you observe, either in the physical environment or in an individual’s behavior, which you feel may cause potential harm. Be loyal to your commitment to Special Olympics: Look for constructive ways to overcome obstacles. Take advantage of the opportunities Special Olympics offers you: Be open to new ideas and new ways of doing things; become an active participant by extending your involvement to other roles of leadership and training; and delight in the change your involvement makes in the life of someone you know and in the many lives of those you’ll never meet. Special Olympics Colorado Unified Sports® Partner Release and Waiver of Liability In consideration of participating in The Special Olympics Unified Sports® program, I represent that I understand the nature of the event and that I am qualified, in good health, and in proper physical condition to participate in Unified Sports® events. I fully understand the event involves risks of serious bodily injury which may be caused by my own actions or inactions, by the actions of others participating in the event, or by conditions in which the event takes place. I fully accept and assume all such risks and all responsibility for losses, costs, and/or damages I may incur as a result of my participation. I acknowledge that at any time if I feel that the event conditions are unsafe, I will discontinue participation immediately. If during my participation in Special Olympics activities I should need emergency medical treatment and I am not able to give my consent for, or make my own arrangements for that treatment because of my injuries, I authorize Special Olympics Colorado to take whatever measures are necessary to protect my health and well-being, including, if necessary, hospitalization.By checking this box I agree to the above.* Yes, I agree to the above You are required to take the Protective Behaviors (18 or older) and Concussion training (for coaches) in order to be certified as a Class A volunteer with Special Olympics Colorado. Please click on the next button below to continue with the training. Actions Special Olympics has Taken to Protect Athletes: This protective behavior training Volunteer screening requirements in the US Codes of conduct for athletes and coaches Policy prohibiting volunteers or staff in authority positions from dating athletes Special Olympics US Volunteer Screening Policy The foremost goal of the volunteer screening policy is to protect the safety and well-being of athletes Special Olympics screens prospective Class A volunteers Class A volunteers are re-screened every three years If screening reveals criminal history involving certain offenses, the volunteer is prohibited from participation Actions Special Olympics has Taken to Protect Athletes: Who is a Class A Volunteer? Definition: Volunteers who have regular, close, physical contact with athletes Volunteers in a position of authority or supervision with athletes Volunteers in a position of trust of athletes Volunteers who handle substantial amounts of cash or other assets of the Program Examples: Coaches, Unified Partners, chaperones, overnight hosts, ALPs mentors, drivers of athletes May also include Fundraising Event Committee members, board members, and Games Management team members Actions Special Olympics has Taken to Protect Athletes: Benefits and Limitations of the Volunteer Screening Policy Volunteer screening is a tool Special Olympics uses to help protect athletes, but it is not fool-proof Many predators do not have criminal records Your job as a volunteer is to be vigilant and report any behavior or activity that does not appear appropriate based on Your personal experience or Warning signs identified in this presentation Actions Special Olympics has Taken to Protect Athletes: Codes of Conduct Codes of Conduct are in effect and enforced for athletes, coaches and volunteers. Special Olympics Colorado has a code of conduct for athletes and coaches. The codes below are the standards set by Special Olympics Colorado for athletes, coaches and volunteers. Athlete / Partner Code of Conduct Coach Code of Conduct Special Olympics CO Policies and Procedures Special Olympics Colorado has guidelines for sanctions related to breach of these codes of conduct Included in the codes of conduct are references to the prohibition of volunteers or staff in authority positions dating athletes Prevention: Recognizing Sexual Predators A sexual predator could be anyone. There is no “look” or behavior pattern that sets them apart. Sexual Predators: Target vulnerable populations (such as children and individuals with intellectual disabilities) Come from all backgrounds Can be male or female Are generally very likeable and have warm personalities May have limited relationships with other adults Remind athletes and families that not everyone who comes to a Special Olympics event is a volunteer who has been screened and is assumed to be “safe” Prevention: Sexual Abuse For athletes requiring assistance with changing, toileting or showering, it is a best practice if two volunteers are present. Private conversations with athletes should be within sight of others who are aware of the conversation Hugs should respect both athlete and volunteer limits and never be secretive Touching should avoid areas a traditional swimsuit would cover Be aware of unusual or inappropriate gifts, trips, affection or attention from a volunteer Be aware of relationships between volunteers and athletes that become private or secretive Be clear and direct about pointing out inappropriate behavior Prevention: Inappropriate Behavior Inappropriate gifts, trips, outings, or other gestures of affection from a volunteer include: Invitations for sleepovers at a volunteer's house Invitations to parties at a volunteer's house where parents or care providers are not included Excessive displays of interest in a particular athlete or group of athletes (such as all male athletes or only athletes under the age of 13) Prevention: Tips for Travel Be sure to separate sleeping rooms by gender Try to assign roommates based on similar age, maturity and size Establish a plan for checking on each room/athlete Clearly explain rules and behavior expectations of both chaperones and athletes before each trip Emotional Abuse Profanity is never allowed Treat athletes with respect and provide encouragement Do not allow demeaning nicknames even among teammates Discipline should be part of a meaningful behavior modification strategy and never acted on in anger Physical Abuse Corporal punishment is never allowed no matter who says it is OK Withholding food or water is maltreatment and strictly prohibited Only give prescribed medications in accordance with state regulations (consult your Special Olympics Program office for those regulations) Be aware of athlete sensitivity to temperature, sound and touch 1) When is it appropriate to withhold water from an athlete?*Only when the athlete is unprepared or uncooperativeNeverWhen the weather is cool and water isn't really neededWhen the athlete is underachieving and could use a "water break" as motivationINCORRECT It is never appropriate to withhold water from an athlete. (please correct answer)2) What is the rule about what areas of the body to avoid touching?**Avoid all areas; don't make yourself vulnerable to an accusation!Avoid areas where he/she doesn't like to be touchedSet some ground rules early on, so you know where your athlete is okay with being touchedAvoid areas a traditional swimsuit would coverINCORRECT You should avoid area covered by a traditional swimsuit (please correct answer)3) A sexual predator:*Can be male or femaleIs generally likeableGives inappropriate attention to a vulnerable populationAll of the aboveINCORRECT All of the above are true (please correct answer) How to Recognize Abuse Changes in behavior may offer the only visible clue that an athlete is the victim of abuse. Abuse causes stress and victims often exhibit stress related behavior such as: Depression Withdrawal (including loss of interest in participation in Special Olympics) Thoughts of or attempts at suicide Aggression Immature acts Sleep disturbances Uncharacteristic changes in behavior that last for more than a few days indicate a possible need for intervention, but are not a certain indicator of abuse as there are other causes of stress. The absence of behavioral indicators does not indicate a lack of abuse How to Recognize Abuse Statements by the athlete concerning inappropriate touching or physical harm Physical indicators of abuse such as: Questionable injuries such as bruises or lacerations in the soft tissue areas of an athlete’s body. Bruises change color during the healing process and bruises of different colors indicate different stages of healing, thereby indicating that the injuries happened on more than one occasion Injuries to genital areas may indicate sexual abuse; for example, cigarette burns on the inside of the upper leg or on the buttocks Tether marks or rope burns and abrasions caused by tying wrists, ankles or the neck are also indicators of probable abuse Some athletes are prone to injuries as a consequence of athletic competition. The location of the injury may indicate whether the injury was due to abuse or competition. Injuries that happen due to athletic competition are most likely to be on the shins, knees, elbows, etc. They are less likely to be on the abdomen, across the back, on the backs of the legs, or on facial cheeks Possible signs of neglect include Unattended medical needs Inappropriate clothing for the climate and weather conditions Chronic hunger and poor personal hygiene Reporting Suspicious Activity Suspicious activity should be reported to Special Olympics staff Reports will be reviewed and reported as appropriate Suspensions may be utilized during investigations Special Olympics reserves the right to expel athletes or volunteers as a result of suspected or confirmed physical, sexual or emotional abuse of a Special Olympics athlete Be Ready To Say: What makes you think this activity is suspicious When you witnessed the activity - or first suspected it Who To Tell: If the activity is during Special Olympics functions, tell local Special Olympics leadership (preferably staff) If you suspect that an athlete is in immediate danger, notify the police, and then Special Olympics staff If you are a mandatory reporter under your state’s laws, report as required by statute in addition to the report you file with Special Olympics Reporting is NOT the same as accusing. It just alerts professionals to investigate Am I A Mandatory Reporter Under My State’s Laws? Nearly all states have laws that require some individuals to report suspected abuse (such as teachers, healthcare providers, etc.) In some states, everyone is a mandatory reporter Utilize the Child Welfare Information Gateway website below to familiarize yourself with your state’s reporting requirements. On the site, choose the state that you wish to check and under the "Child Abuse and Neglect" heading, check “Mandatory Reporters of Child Abuse & Neglect” and then click “Go”) Child Welfare Information Gateway website 4) Who determines the punishment for violating a Special Olympics Code of Conduct?*The state chapterThe coachAny Special Olympics staff member in a position of authoritySocietyINCORRECT Only the state chapter can determine the punishment for violating a code of conduct. (please correct answer)5) Which of the following is NOT an indicator of potential inappropriate behavior?*Unusual or inappropriate gifts from a volunteerQuestionable injuries such as bruises or lacerations in the soft tissue areas of an athlete's bodyTwo Class A volunteers assisting with changing, showering or toiletingRelationships between volunteers and athletes that become private or secretiveINCORRECT Class A volunteers can assist with changing, showering or toileting if needed as long as more than one is present. (please correct answer)6) Have you checked to see if you are a mandatory reporter in your State?*https://www.childwelfare.gov/YesNoINCORRECT You must check to see if you are a mandatory reporter before completing. (please correct answer) You can check online at: Child Welfare Information Gateway website. https://www.childwelfare.gov/7) What should you do if you suspect that an athlete is in immediate danger?*Ask the athlete if he/she has been abusedNotify the police, and then Special Olympics staffTell the coach or volunteer to take it easy on the athleteNotify the athlete's parentsINCORRECT If you suspect an athlete is in danger you must alert the police and then Special Olympics staff. (please correct answer)8) When is a private meeting with an athlete appropriate?*When the athlete is misbehaving and needs to be reprimandedWhen you have something personal to tell the athlete and you want to be out of earshot of his/her teammatesWhen it is within sight of others who are aware of the conversationA private meeting with an athlete is never appropriateINCORRECT You can have a private meeting with an athlete as long as it is within sight of others aware of the conversation. (please correct answer)9) When assigning rooms for an overnight stay, what should you consider?*What's to consider? Go through your list and group the athletes alphabetically by last nameTry to put athletes who are friends togetherAthletes of the same community oftentimes prefer to room togetherSeparate sleeping rooms by gender and assign roommates based on similar age, maturity and sizeINCORRECT Athletes should be assigned rooms based on gender, age, maturity and size. (please correct answer)10) Is it permissible for a volunteer in an authority position over an athlete to date that athlete?*YesNoDepends on the circumstancesINCORRECT It is NEVER permissible for volunteers in an position of authority over an athlete to date that athlete. (please correct answer)11) Is a Unified Partner subject to volunteer screening policies in the US?*YesNoINCORRECT Unified Partners are subject to volunteer screening policies. (please correct answer) Have you been certified for concussion training elsewhere and do you have a certificate available to upload?*YesNoIf you have been certified, please upload a copy of your certificate.Must be valid from within past three years. Welcome to the Special Olympics Colorado Concussion on-line training Understanding Concussion A concussion is a type of traumatic brain injury- or TBI – caused by a bump, blow, or jolt to the head or by a hit to the body that causes your head and brain to move rapidly back and forth. This sudden movement can cause the brain to bounce around or twist in the skull, stretching and damaging the brain cells and creating chemical changes in the brain. These chemical changes make the brain more vulnerable to further injury. During this window of vulnerability the brain is more sensitive to any increases stress or injury, until it fully recovers. Unlike other physical injuries, you cannot see a concussion on an x-ray. It is not a “bruise on the brain” but rather a disruption of how the brain works. That is why brain CAT scans and MRIs are normal with most concussions. A concussion can occur from any type of contact such as colliding with a player, a goalpost, the ground, or another obstacle. Concussion can also occur outside of sports, ranging from bumping your head on a door to being in a car crash. Even what may seem like a mild bump to the head can actually be serious. Most concussions occur without loss of consciousness. Potential Consequences of a Concussion Concussions affect people differently. While most athletes with a concussion recover quickly and fully, some will have symptoms that last for days, or even weeks. A more serious concussion can last for months or longer. Not giving the brain enough recovery time after a concussion can be dangerous. A repeat concussion that occurs before the brain recovers from the first, usually within a short time period (hours, days, weeks) can slow recovery or increase the chances for long-term problems. In rare cases repeat concussion can result in brain swelling or permanent brain damage. It can even be fatal. It is incredibly important for you to pull an athlete from play if you suspect he or she has a concussion. What to Watch for Recognizing a concussion requires watching for different types of signs or symptoms. Remember there are two key things to watch for amongst your athletes: A forceful bump, blow, or jolt to the head or body that result in rapid movement of the head. Any concussion signs or symptoms, such as a change in the athlete’s behavior, thinking, or physical functioning. Athletes who exhibit or report one or more of the signs and symptoms listed below or just “don’t feel right” after a bump, blow or jolt to the head or body, may have a concussion. Signs observed by coaching staff: Appears dazed or stunned Is confused about assignment or position Forgets an instruction Is unsure of game, score or opponent Moves clumsily Answers question slowly Loses consciousness (even briefly) Shows mood, behavior or personality changes Can't recall events prior to hit or fall Can't recall events after hit or fall Symptoms reported by athletes: Headache or “pressure” in head Nausea or vomiting Balance problems or dizziness Double or blurry vision Sensitivity to light and/or noise Feeling sluggish, hazy, foggy, or groggy Concentration or memory problems Confusion Just not “feeling right” or “feeling down” What to Watch for Signs and symptoms generally show up soon after the injury. The full effect of the injury may not be noticeable at first and some symptoms may not show up for hours or days. If you suspect a concussion, assess the athlete. Then assess the athlete again. Ensure the athlete is supervised for at least one or two hours after. Talk with the athlete’s parent/guardian/caregiver about watching for symptoms at home. If the signs or symptoms get worse, you need to consider it a medical emergency. In rare cases, a dangerous blood clot may form on the brain in an athlete with a concussion and squeeze the brain against the skull. Call 911 or take the athlete to the emergency room right away if he or she exhibits one or more of the following danger signs: One pupil larger than the other Drowsiness or inability to wake up A headache that gets worse and does not go away Weakness, numbness, or decreased coordination Repeated vomiting or nausea Slurred speech Convulsions or seizures Inability to recognize people or places Increasing confusion, restlessness or agitation Unusual behavior Loss of consciousness (even a brief loss of consciousness should be taken seriously) 1. A concussion is a:*Type of traumatic brain injury (TBI) caused by a bump, blow or jolt to the head or by a hit to the body that causes the head and brain to move rapidly back and forth.A brain bruiseLoud sound heard from far awayINCORRECT Correct Answer: A concussion is a type of brain injury caused by an impact. (please correct answer)2. When can concussions occur?*Only when playing full contact sportsOnly when the individual who was hit or jolted loses consciousnessIn any organized or unorganized recreational sport or activity and most occur without loss of consciousness.INCORRECT Correct Answer: Concussions can happen in any unorganized sport or recreational activity with or without a loss of consciousness. (please correct answer)3. How do you identify a concussion?*By looking at CT or MRI scans of an individual’s brainBy watching for different types of signs or symptoms, such as a change in the athlete’s behavior, thinking, or physical functioning.Asking an athlete if they had their “bell rung” in the last hit.INCORRECT Correct Answer: Any major observations of changes in an athlete’s behavior, thinking or physical functioning could indicate a concussion. (please correct answer)4. Which of the following are signs of a concussion that you as a coach may identify?*The athlete appears stunned, is unsure of the game, score, or opponent, is confused about their assignment or position, and is answering questions slowly.The athlete follows the rules for safety and the rules of the sport, practices good sportsmanship, and uses the proper equipment for the sport.The athlete looks pale, their tongue is white, and after gently pinching the skin, it does not immediately snap back into place.INCORRECT Correct Answer: Cognitive changes in behavior and confusion are as important to observe as physical symptoms. (please correct answer)5. Which of the following are symptoms of a concussion that an athlete may describe?*The athlete complains of shoulder pain that radiates down the arm to a tingling feeling in the fingers.The athlete feels weak, tired, and has stopped sweating.The athlete states the lights hurt their eyes, they feel confused, “not-right,” and complains of an odd headache with “pressure” in their head.INCORRECT Correct Answer: Sensitivity to light, headaches and pressure in the head are common symptoms of a concussion due to the bump, blow or jolt to the head. (please correct answer)6. If an athlete has previously had a concussion they:*Are more likely to sustain another concussion, especially if the first concussion has not had time to heal.Will never have another concussion.Will not sustain another concussion from a similar blow or jolt.INCORRECT Correct Answer: If a concussion has been suffered, the brain is more vulnerable to further injury. (please correct answer) Take Time Out Resting after a concussion is critical because it helps the brain recover. Ignoring symptoms and proceeding as normal often makes symptoms worse and recovery to take longer. Even activities that involve learning and concentration can cause concussion symptoms to reappear or get worse. It’s up to a healthcare professional to determine if an injured athlete’s concussion symptoms have been reduced significantly, and when he or she should slowly and gradually return to daily activities. The athlete might feel frustrated, sad, or angry about having to sit out. Talk to them about it. Be honest about the risks of getting put back into play too soon. Offer your support and encouragement and remind them that as the days go by they’ll feel better. Progressive Return to Activity Program An athlete should return to sports practices under the supervision of an appropriate health care professional. There are five steps to follow to help safely return an athlete to play. These steps should not be completed in one day, but instead over days, weeks, or months. Light aerobic exercise to increase the athlete’s heart rate. (5 to 10 minutes on an exercise bike, walking, or light jogging). There should be no weight lifting, jumping or hard running. Add activities that increase an athlete’s heart rate and incorporate limited body or head movement. (Moderate jogging, brief running, moderate-intensity biking or weightlifting [modified from typical routine]). Bump up to heavy, non-contact physical activity. (Sprinting/running, high-intensity biking, regular weight training, non-contact sport-specific drills). Reintegrate the athlete in practice sessions, even full contact in controlled practice. Put athlete back into play. During each step, monitor the athlete for returning symptoms, including fuzzy thinking and concentration. Report any symptoms to the athlete’s doctor. If an athlete’s symptoms come back, or they exhibit new symptoms with increased activity, stop these activities and take it as a sign that the athlete is pushing him/herself too hard. After additional rest, and an ok from their doctor, the athlete may start over again at Step 1. The athlete should only graduate to the next level of activity if s/he does not experience concussion symptoms. Concussion Checklist Pre-Season Checklist Create a concussion action plan. Have an action plan in place before the season starts to ensure concussions are identified early and managed correctly. Educate athletes, parents/guardians/caregivers and other coaches about concussion. Dedicate a portion of one of the first practices to talk to all parties about the dangers of concussion; potential long-term consequences; and your concerns as well as expectations of safe play. Pass out concussion fact sheets. Remind athletes to immediately tell coaches if they suspect that they or a teammate has a concussion. Continuously make sure your athletes are in good condition to participate. Mid-season Checklist Insist that safety comes first. Teach your athletes that it’s not smart to play with a concussion. Post-season Checklist Keep a concussion log. Review your concussion policy and action plan. The Centers for Disease Control website www.cdc.gov/concussion provides additional resources relative to concussions that may be of interest to participants and their families. 7. What is the first thing you should do as a coach when one of your players has sustained a bump or blow to the head or body and isn’t acting right?*Immediately rush an athlete to the hospital – even if none of the Danger Signs are present.Allow the athlete to finish out the quarter/period/half, etc. and then take the athlete for a medical examination.Remove the athlete from play and look for signs or symptoms of a concussion – even those that may appear hours later.INCORRECT Correct Answer: It’s incredibly important to pull an athlete from play if you suspect a concussion. When in doubt, sit them out. (please correct answer)8. Which of the following would be considered Danger Signs of a severe concussion and require rushing an athlete to the emergency room immediately?*The athlete seems slightly off balance, complains of a headache, did not lose consciousness, but just “isn’t feeling right.”The athlete lost consciousness, has slightly slurred speech, and seems to become increasingly more confused and restless.The athlete complains of a headache and appears slightly dazed or stunned.INCORRECT Correct Answer: In rare cases, a dangerous blood clot may form on the brain in an athlete with a concussion. Loss of consciousness, slurred speech, increased confusion & restlessness are all worsening symptoms warranting immediate medical attention. (please correct answer)9. When can an athlete return to play after a concussion?*As soon as they are feeling better.After being evaluated by a healthcare professional.After being cleared by a healthcare professional and after a five step process in which the athlete’s activity level is slowly increased over a period of days, weeks, or months depending on the athlete’s response to the increasingly challenging activities.INCORRECT Correct Answer: Resting after a concussion is critical because it helps the brain recover. This process can take days, weeks or months. Gradual return to physical activity should be monitored.. (please correct answer)10. When should you talk to the athlete’s parents about the possible concussion he/she may have had?*The evening of the event or the following day.Immediately following the game or practice – before allowing the athlete to go home. Information should be given to the parents regarding the signs and symptoms of concussion, encouragement to see a healthcare professional, and follow-up with parents regarding the status of the athlete.Before the next game/match/event so as to make sure the athlete is cleared for play.INCORRECT Correct Answer: The athlete’s parent/guardian/caretaker should be notified immediately. Some concussion symptoms may not show up for hours or days.11. How can you help prevent concussion?*By ensuring that all athletes wear properly fitted gear, play with good sportsmanship at all times, and obey the rules of safety.By working with parents, athletes, and school and club administrators to spread awareness about concussions all year: pre-season, during the season, and postseason.All of the aboveINCORRECT Correct Answer: All of the above. Having a pro-active approach to safety could diminish potential for concussion. Thank You! You're Almost There...You have completed step 1 of 2. 17 & Under: Click submit at the bottom of the page. You are all done! A SOCO Staff Member will reach out shortly. 18 & Over: Click submit at the bottom of the page. From there you will receive a link to complete the Background check. *In order to devote more of our resources to providing a quality program for the athletes, we ask that our volunteers cover the cost involved in their background screening, which is valid for 3 years. Please click submit below to complete Step 1 and move onto step 2. Thank you for your support of Special Olympics Colorado!